It is impossible to discuss the Hadith of Ghadir Khumm without first understanding the specific context in which the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said what he said. This is a general rule of thumb pertaining to the Islamic canon as a whole: it is important to know the background in which a Quranic verse was revealed or a certain Hadith was said.
For example, the Quranic verse “slay them wherever you find them” is often used by Orientalists to wrongfully make it appear as if Islam advocates the slaying of people wherever you find them all the time. Of course, if we look at when this verse was revealed, we find that it was specifically revealed during a battle between the Muslims and the Quraish Mushriks; this makes us realize that it is not a general ruling to slay people but rather it was a verse revealed in a specific situation.
So the twelvers believe in Imamah and the Hadith of Ghadeer is from the Usool or the base of this belief and in this domain the twelvers fabricated hundreds of narrations and attributed all of them to the prophet PBUH and the 11 Imams PBUT, they even made the day of Ghadeer a Eid(Holyday) which they celebrate on a yearly bases. However in all their books they have probably not one correct/Sahih narration about the Ghadeer event (According to their own standards) and the only correct one comes from Ahlul Sunnah with proper Isnad (Chain of narrators) without the additions and corruption of the Shiite texts.
According to twelvers the Prophet of Islam PBUH said about the day of Ghadeer Khum:
عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال: يوم غدير خم أفضل أعياد أمتي
أمالي الصدوق: (109)، البحار: (37/109)(97/110).
Translation: The Prophet PBUh said: The Day of Ghadeer Khum is the best Eid of my Ummah(Nation).
that kind of gives you an idea about the importance of this day for them.
The Shia claim that the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) divinely appointed Ali (رضّى الله عنه) to be his successor at a place called Ghadir Khumm. Before we discuss the event of Ghadir Khumm with our Shia brothers, we should first define the parameters of such a debate. In other words, we should “set the stakes”:
(1) If the Shia can prove their version of Ghadir Khumm, then definitely Ali (رضّى الله عنه) was divinely appointed by the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) and the Shia creed is correct.
(2) If, however, the Sunnis disprove the idea that the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) appointed Ali (رضّى الله عنه) at Ghadir Khumm, then our Shia brothers should be willing to accept the fact that Ali (رضّى الله عنه) was never appointed at all by the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) and therefore the entire Shia creed is invalid.
The reason we need to make this very clear from the outset is that the Shia propagandists have this uncanny ability to move the goalposts whenever they lose a debate. They will jump from one topic to another; if they lose the debate over Ghadir Khumm, then they will bring up the Incident of the Door, or Saqifah, or Fadak, or who knows what else.
The entire foundation of Shi’ism rests on the event of Ghadir Khumm, because it is here that the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) supposedly nominated Ali (رضّى الله عنه) to be his successor. If this event did not take place as the Shia claim, then the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) never appointed Ali (رضّى الله عنه) and the Shia must abandon all of their claims, such as the idea that Abu Bakr (رضّى الله عنه) usurped the God-appointed Caliphate of Ali (رضّى الله عنه).
Famous Shiite website Amaana.org says:
Eid-e Gadhir is celebrated with great rejoicing by Shia Muslims where they remember Prophet Muhammad’s last instructions to the believers. Eid-e-Ghadir is one of the most important days of rejoicing for Shia Muslims around the world as that was the day our beloved Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s.) declared Hazrat Ali’s vicegerency at Ghadir e Khumm on his return from his last pilgrimage…
Another Narration attributed to one of their Imams:
وعن الصادق: أن فرات بن أحنف سأله: جعلت فداك، للمسلمين عيد أفضل من الفطر والأضحى ويوم الجمعة ويوم عرفة؟ فقال لي: نعم أفضلها وأعظمها وأشرفها عند الله منزلة وهو اليوم الذي أكمل الله فيه الدين وأنزل على نبيه محمد: ((الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمْ الإِسْلامَ دِيناً)) [المائدة:3]، قال: قلت: وأي يوم هو؟ فقال لي: إن أنبياء بني إسرائيل كانوا إذا أراد أحدهم أن يعقد الوصية والإمامة للوصي من بعده ففعل ذلك جعلوا ذلك اليوم عيداً، وإنه اليوم الذي نصب فيه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم علياً للناس علماً، وأنزل فيه ما أنزل.. إلى أن قال: هو يوم عبادة وصلاة وشكر لله وحمد له، وسرور لِمَا منّ الله عليكم من ولايتنا، وإني أحب لكم أن تصوموا فيه
تفسير فرات: (1/118)، البحار: (37/169)، وانظر أيضاً: الكافي: (4/148، 149)، الخصال: (264)، إثبات الهداة: (2/15، 72).
Translation: From Al Sadiq that Furat bin Ahnaf asked him: Is there a Eid for the Muslims greater than Fitr and Adha and The Friday and the Day of Arafah? He told me: Yes the Best and Greatest and most honored in the sight of Allah and it is the day which Allah completed his religion in and revealed to his prophet Muhammad “this day have I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor to you, and have chosen to you as religion islam” [5;3], I said: Which day is that? He replied: The prophets of the children of Israel when they wanted to give the Wisayah (succession ) and the Imamah for the Wasi after them They made that day a Eid, And it is the day that the prophet PBUh appointed Ali as successor … It is a day of worship and Salat (Namaz) and a day which you should be thankful for our wilayah, I would love for you to fast on this day.
So it’s a pretty important day for them … Sadly they have misunderstood the whole thing as we’ll show academically as we reduce this argument to nothingness. A few things to note in that narration above is that the companion of Imam al Sadiq never knew that ghadeer khum was an actual Eid until he asked al Sadiq meaning that if his companion never knew it then how can you blame the rest of the muslims? Secondly when Ja’afar Al Sadiq allegedly tells him “the day which Allah completed his religion…” His companion still asks “Which day is that?” so think about this for a while if the prophet PBUh truly revealed this like in our first Hadith then how come no one has heard of it even in the days of al Sadiq who was born in 83 and passed away on 148 Hijri, So think about that as well.
You’ll find plenty more similar narrations in:
Biharul Anwar (37/156, 171, 172)( 97/111, 112)(98/322), Al Kafi (4/147, 149), ithbat al hudat (2/78, 91), Al Ghadeer (1/285), Man La Yahduruhu al faqih (2/54), Al Khisal(126), thawab al a’amal (67, 68).
They even Claim that al sadiq said: That Fasting it is like fasting 60 months in another narration it removes The Sins of 60 years…
Sources: ( ) الكافي: (4/148)، البحار: (37/108، 172)(97/110)(98/298، 321، 322)(100/358)، أمالي الصدوق: (12)، إثبات الهداة: (2/15)، الغدير: (1/285، 286)، مصباح الطوسي: (513)، من لا يحضره الفقية: (2/55)، ثواب الأعمال: (68)، الإقبال: (300)، بشارة المصطفى: (323).
In other Narrations Fasting Ghadeer is like fasting your entire life.
Source: تهذيب الأحكام(3/143)، إثبات الهداة(2/25)، البحار: (98/303، 321)، الإقبال475).
In Another Narration: In the sight of Allah it is like a hundred Hajjs (Pilgrimage trips) and a hundred umrahs which are all perfect and accepted.
Source: تهذيب الأحكام: (3/143)، الغدير: (1/286)، البحار: (98/303، 321)، الإقبال: (475).
The Twelvers consider doing 2 Ruku’u in prayer on that day to be equal to 100,000 Hajj and 100,000 umrah…
فعد الصادق إلى عشرة، ثم قال: أتدري كم الفئام؟ قال الراوي: لا، قال: مائة ألف، كل فئام كان له ثواب من أطعم بعددها من النبيين والصديقين والشهداء في حرم الله عز وجل، وسقاهم في يوم ذي مسغبة، والدرهم فيه بألف ألف درهم، ثم قال: لعلك ترى أن الله عز وجل خلق يوماً أعظم حرمة منه، لا والله لا والله لا والله
In this Narration above al sadiq says that one Dirham on that day is equal to a million Dirhams and so on…check these sources for more:
التهذيب: (3/143)، مصباح الزائر (الفصل السابع)، مصباح المتهجد: (524)، البحار: (97/118) (98/322)، وللمزيد من روايات فضائل يوم الغدير انظر: فضل يوم الغدير وصومه، البحار: (97/110-119)، باب أعمال يوم الغدير وليلته وأدعيتها، البحار: (98/298-323).
According to all of this nonsense you can basically fast the day of Ghadeer once and you won’t need to do anything else your entire life… Smells like someone is fabricating Narrations doesn’t it?
The twelver Shiites have become extremely famous for making up narrations in order to prove their belief and they even Said that Some Quranic verses descended on that very day, now the biggest problem is that they don’t have a science of Hadith and a proper book of Rijal to prove the justice of their narrators & to prove the authenticity of what they narrate but that is a topic for another day.
just to clear things out before we start according to the correct Narrations of Ahlul Sunnah When the prophet PBUH reached an area called Ghadeer khum on his way back to Madinah after the final pilgrimage A group of soldiers were severely criticizing Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضّى الله عنه) over a certain matter, and this news reached the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم), who then said what he said in the Hadith of Ghadir Khumm “Whomsoever’s Mawla I am, this Ali is also his Mawla. O Allah, befriend whosoever befriends him and be the enemy of whosoever is hostile to him.” This Narration is accepted by the Mainstream Muslims as a compliment from the Prophet PBUH to his beloved cousin Ali bin abi talib PBUH in order to show the haters that if they have a problem with the prophet’s PBUH companion Ali then they have a problem with him. There are many Additions and fabrications in the Shiite books So they twist this narration and corrupt it with lies to make it sound different and this will all be much clearer in a while.
Now the Original text of the Narration in Sahih bukhari is this:
The Prophet sent Ali to Khalid to bring the Khumus (of the booty) and I hated Ali, and Ali had taken a bath (after a sexual act with a slave-girl from the Khumus). I said to Khalid, “Don’t you see this (i.e. Ali)?” When we reached the Prophet, I mentioned that to him. He (the Prophet) said, “O Buraida! Do you hate Ali?” I said, “Yes.” He said, “Do you hate him, for he deserves more than that from the Khumus.”
Sahih Bukhari (volume 5, Book 59 Number 637)
In fact, there are only two additions to the Hadith which are considered authentic and that too only by some scholars. For the purpose of debate, however, we shall accept them as authentic. Again, these two additions are not in the Sahihayn but rather they are in the variant narrations in other books. As the student of Hadith knows, Hadith have various gradings; as for the Hadith of Ghadir Khumm, what is most authentic is that which is in Sahih Bukhari as reproduced above. However, there are other variant versions which have two additions:
1) The first addition is: “Man Kuntu Mawla fa `Ali Mawla.” (Whomsoever’s Mawla I am, this Ali is also his Mawla.)
2) The second addition is: “Allahummu wali man walaah wa `adi man `adaah.” (O Allah, befriend whosoever befriends him and be the enemy of whosoever is hostile to him.)
The first addition is generally accepted, and the second one is weaker but some scholars do consider it authentic. As far as any other additions are concerned, these are not contained in the authentic books and are “mawdoo” or fabricated. Generally, the Shia are content in basing their arguments upon these first two additions, but no doubt after they are refuted, they will oftentimes then resort to using obscure sources to produce further additions such as the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) saying Ali (رضّى الله عنه) is his Wasi, Caliph, Imam, etc. These are all fabrications, and historically the Shia have been manufacturers of fabricated Hadith. The Shia are able to produce lengthy lists of obscure references about Ghadir Khumm because they themselves have been responsible for the multitude of forgeries in regards to Ghadir Khumm.
We have already seen the version of Ghadir Khumm in Sahih Bukhari and how it does not contain the addition of “Mawla”. However, this addition of “Mawla” can be found in this variant of the Hadith:
Buraida narrated: “I invaded Yemen with Ali and I saw coldness from his part; so when I came (back) to the Messenger of Allah and mentioned Ali and criticized him, I saw the face of the Messenger of Allah change and he said: ‘O Buraida, am I not closer to the believers than they are to themselves?’ I said: ‘Yes, O Messenger of Allah.’ He (then) said: ‘Whomsoever’s Mawla I am, this Ali is also his Mawla.’”
(Musnad Ahmad [v5 / p347 / #22995] with a Sahih chain of transmission and all trustworthy [thiqa] narrators relied upon by al-Bukhari and Muslim; al-Nisa’i in Sunan al-Kubra [v5 / p45 / #8145]; al-Hakim in al-Mustadrak [v3 / p119 / #4578]; Abu Nu`aym; Ibn Jarir and others)
In a slightly different version:
Buraida narrated: “The Prophet sent me to Yemen with Ali and I saw coldness from his part; when I returned and complained about him to the Messenger of Allah, he (the Messenger of Allah) raised his head towards (him) and said: ‘O Buraida! Whomsoever’s Mawla I am, this Ali is also his Mawla.’”
(Sunan al-Kubra, v5, p130, #8466; a similar report can be found in Musannaf of Ibn Abi Shayba [v6, p.374])
In other narrations, the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said: “allahummu wali man walaah wa `adi man `adaah”, which translates to: “O Allah, befriend whosoever befriends him and be the enemy of whosoever is hostile to him.” Some scholars have doubted the authenticity of this statement, but we shall hereby accept this second addition as authentic.
Let’s go back to the Shiite version,
Twelvers have filled their books with narrations about the Prophet PBUH hiding the true identity of Ali (that he is the Holy Imam) until Allah sent him a warning in this verse: “O Messenger! make known that which has been revealed to you from your lord, for if you do it not, you will not have conveyed his message. God will protect you from the people…” [5; 67-68]
I need not remind you to check the context of this verse as it has nothing to do with ali PBUH or Imamah.
So according to them the Prophet PBUh revealed the identity of Ali to the people at Ghadeer khum on the 18th from the month of “thul Hijjah” Then Gabriel came with these verses:
“this day have I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor to you, and have chosen to you as religion Islam” [5;3]
Now I’ll take a few Samples of this Hadith of Ghadeer from their own books and show you how much they have changed the Hadith and corrupted the text to fit their Religion and we’ll show you that they are weak and Unauthentic according to their own scholars:
أبان بن أبي عياش، عن سليم بن قيس، قال: سمعت أبا سعيد الخدري يقول: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم دعا الناس بغدير خم.. فذكر القصة، ثم قال: فلم ينزل حتى نزلت هذه الآية: ((الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمْ الإِسْلامَ دِيناً)) [المائدة:3]، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: الله أكبر على إكمال الدين، وإتمام النعمة، ورضى الرب برسالتي، وبولاية علي من بعدي
سليم بن قيس: (152)، البحار: (37/195).
Translation: Abban bin Abi Ayyash, from Salim bin Qays said: I heard Abu Sa’eed al Khudary Saying: The Prophet PBUH invited the people in Ghadeer Khum (then he narrates the story) … And he never descended from his place until Gabriel came with “this day have I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor to you, and have chosen to you as religion Islam” [5;3] Then the prophet PBUH said: Allahu Akbar!!! The religion is now complete and so is Allah’s blessing upon us, He is now pleased with my message and with the Wilayah of Ali After me.
Let’s take the first guy “Abban Bin Abi Ayyash” he is a weak follower as Sheikh al Tusi described and Ibn al ghada’eri said about him: Weak and Un-Important our friends have attributed the Fabrication of the book of Salim bin Qays to him.
Source: mu’ujam Al imam al Khoei (1/141), Jami’i al Ruwat (1/9), rijal Ibn Dawood al Helli (225).
Second guy is “Salim bin Qays” this guy is a Disputed or controversial figure in their books as he put things which clearly contradict history in his book such as making the Imams 13 instead of 12 and the story of The Wisdom given by Muhammad bin abi Bakr to his Father before his death although the age of Muhammad then was less than three years But these things were deleted by the Shiite scholars from his printed book and many scholars claim that his book is a fabrication by Abban or someone else at the end of the Umayyad rule.
معجم الخوئي: (8/216)، رجال العلامة الحلي: (82)، تعليق الشعراني على شرح المازندراني للكافي2/373)، الموضوعات في الآثار والأخبار: (184)، دراسات في الحديث والمحدثين: (197)، خاتمة الوسائل210)، جامع الرواة: (1/374)، مجمع الرجال: (2/155) (3/157).
القمي: حدثني أبي، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن ابن سنان، عن أبي عبدالله قال: لما أمر الله نبيه أن ينصب أمير المؤمنين للناس في قولـه: يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما أنزل إليك من ربك في علي، بغدير خم، فقال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، فجاءت الأبالسة إلى إبليس الأكبر، وحثوا التراب على رؤوسهم، فقال لهم إبليس: مالكم؟ فقالوا: إن هذا الرجل قد عقد اليوم عقدة لا يحلها شيء إلى يوم القيامة.
فقال لهم إبليس: كلا، إن الذين حوله قد وعدوني فيه عدة لن يخلفوني، فأنزل الله تعالى على رسوله: ((وَلَقَدْ صَدَّقَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِبْلِيسُ ظَنَّهُ فَاتَّبَعُوهُ)) [سبأ:20]
تفسير القمي: (2/176)، البحار: (37/119)، إثبات الهداة: (2/142)، نور الثقلين1/658).
Translation: Al Qummi: My father told me that Ibn abi umayr narrated from ibn Sinan from abu Abdullah that he said: When Allah Ordered his prophet PBUH to assign The Ameer Ali as ruler When he revealed to him: “O Messenger! make known that which has been revealed to you from your lord regarding Ali, for if you do it not, you will not have conveyed his message.” So he said : Whomsoever’s Mawla I am, this Ali is also his Mawla. So the Devils came to iblees and threw Dirt on their heads Then Iblees asked: What Is Wrong? They said today this Man had created something great which will never be resolved until the day of judgement.
Iblees Said: No those who are around him (Companions) Will follow me and have promised me this, then Allah revealed: “And Satan indeed found his Calculation True concerning them, for they followed him…”[34;20]
Need I really comment on this one? In fact they save you the time by Corrupting Quranic text such as “O Messenger! make known that which has been revealed to you from your lord regarding Ali” Well So much for us “falsely” accusing the Shiites of corrupting Quranic text, and BTW Tafseer al Qummi is full of Tahreef and corrupt Quranic verses.
الكليني: محمد بن الحسين وغيره، عن سهل، عن محمد بن عيسى ومحمد بن يحيى ومحمد بن الحسين جميعاً، عن محمد بن سنان، عن إسماعيل بن جابر وعبدالكريم بن عمرو، عن عبد الحميد بن أبي الديلم، عن أبي عبدالله… في حديث طويل يقول فيه: فلما رجع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من حجة الوداع نزل عليه جبرئيل عليه السلام، فقال: ((يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنْ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ)) [المائدة:67]، فنادى الناس فاجتمعوا.. فذكر القصة
الكافي: (1/293)، نور الثقلين: (1/653)، إثبات الهداة: (2/5).
Translation: Al kulayni: Muhammad Bin al hussein and others from Sahl from Muhammad Bin Isa and Muhammad Bin Yahya and Muhammad Bin al hussein All of Them, from Muhammad bin sinan from ismail bin Jaber and AbdulKarimbin Amro, from abdul hameed bin abi al Daleem from abu Abdullah In a very Long narration in which he says: After the prophet PBUh returned from the farewell pilgrimage Gabriel descended on him and said “O Messenger! make known that which has been revealed to you from your lord, for if you do it not, you will not have conveyed his message. God will protect you from the people. Lo! God guides not the disbelieving folk.” [mai’dah; 67] Then the prophet PBUH Called the people to gather … then he mentions the story.
Firstly “Sahl” is weak in narrations and not dependable and has been accused of ghulu and lying.
Source: معجم الخوئي8/337)، النجاشي: (1/417)، جامع الرواة: (1/393)، رجال الحلي228)، مجمع الرجال: (3/179)، تنقيح المقال: (2/75)، الفهرست: (110)، الكشي: ترجمة: (623).
Muhammad bin Sinan is controversial however Ibn Uqdah and Najashi and Tusi and Mufid and ibn Ghada’eri have weakened him and al Fadl bin Shazan Said he was A liar.
معجم الخوئي8/337)، النجاشي: (1/417)، جامع الرواة: (1/393)، رجال الحلي228)، مجمع الرجال: (3/179)، تنقيح المقال: (2/75)، الفهرست: (110)، الكشي: ترجمة: (623). ترجمة (154، 419، 245)، التهذيب: (7/361)، الاستبصار: (3/224)، رجال ابن داود: (273)، مجمع الرجال: (5/222).
AbdulKarim Bin Amro is a Sly Waqifi as Tusi said, Al Najashi and Al Kesshi mentioned the same about him However for some weird unexplained reason the Shiites take their religion from him (maybe because they don’t wanna weaken their Hadith at any cost).
Source: الطوسي: (354)، غيبة الطوسي: (42)، مجمع الرجال: (4/101)، جامع الرواة: (1/463)، معجم الخوئي: (10/65)، النجاشي: (2/62).
Finally ibn abi Al Daleem is Weak.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (9/269)، رجال الحلي: (245)، رجال ابن داود: (255)، جامع الرواة: (1/439).
الكليني: محمد بن علي بن معمر، عن محمد بن علي بن عكاية التميمي، عن الحسين بن النضر الفهري، عن أبي عمرو الأوزاعي، عن عمرو بن شمر، عن جابر بن يزيد، عن أبي جعفر، أن أمير المؤمنين خطب الناس بالمدينة، فذكر خطبة الوسيلة وهي طويلة ذكر فيها قصة الغدير، ثم قال: وأنزل الله عز وجل في ذلك اليوم: ((الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمْ الإِسْلامَ دِيناً)) [المائدة:3]، فكانت ولايتي كمال الدين ورضا الرب جل ذكره
روضة الكافي: (16)، نور الثقلين: (1/588).
Translation: Kulayni: Muhammad Bin ali bin mua’ammar from Muhammad bin Ali Bin Ikayah al Tameemee from Hussein bin al Nadr al Fuhree from Abu Amro al Ouza’ee from Amro bin Shimr from Jaber bin Yazeed from abu Ja’afar that the Ameer of believers Ali Made a Sermon in Madinah so he mentioned the Sermon of Wasilah (And it’s pretty long) Then he mentioned Ghadeer then said: And Allah had revealed on that Day “this day have I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor to you, and have chosen to you as religion Islam” [5;3] And thus My Wilayah was the Final Order from Allah and with it the religion is complete and the lord is pleased.
Ibn Mua’mmar is Unknown.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (17/29)، الطوسي: (500).
Ibn ikayah is unknown.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (16/333).
Al Fuhree is Unknown.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (6/108).
Al Ouza’ee is unknown.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (21/260).
Amro bin shimr is very weak.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (13/106)(4/18)، النجاشي: (1/314)(2/132)، مجمع الرجال4/286)، جامع الرواة: (1/623).
And Jaber bin Yazeed is controversial.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (4/126)، النجاشي: (1/313)، الكشي: ترجمة (78)، مجمع الرجال: (2/7)، جامع الرواة: (1/144).
Fifth (and final) Sample:
العياشي، عن جعفر بن محمد الخزاعي، عن أبيه قال: سمعت أبا عبدالله يقول: لما نزل رسول الله عرفات يوم الجمعة أتاه جبرئيل عليه السلام، فقال له: يا محمد، إن الله يقرئك السلام، ويقول لك: قل لأمتك: اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم بولاية علي بن أبي طالب، وأتممت عليكم نعمتي، ورضيت لكم الإسلام ديناً، ولست أنزل عليكم بعد هذا، قد أنزلت عليكم الصلاة والزكاة والصوم والحج وهي الخامسة، ولست أقبل هذه الأربعة إلا بها
تفسير العياشي: (1/322)، البرهان: (1/444)، البحار: (37/138).
Translation: Al ayyashi narrated from Ja’afar bin Muhammad al Khuza’ee from his father: I heard abu Abdullah saying: When the prophet PBUH descended from Arafat on Friday Gabriel Came to him and said: O Muhammad Allah sends his peace upon you and tells you to tell your Nation : “this day have I perfected your religion for you with the Wilayah of Ali Bin abi talib and completed my favor to you, and have chosen to you as religion Islam” he continues: “I will no longer reveal anything after this, I revealed to you The Salat and the Zakat and the Sawm(Fasting) and the Hajj and this is the fifth, I Will not accept the first four unless they come with this one”.
This one pretty much explains itself, first of all there is Tahreef and corruption of the Quranic text here: “this day have I perfected your religion for you with the Wilayah of Ali Bin abi talib and completed my favor to you”… but guess what? We the Mainstream Muslims are Kouffar because according to this Hadith our prayers and Fasting ect.. all is not accepted unless we believe that ali PBUh is an infallible Imam and of course the person who corrupted this Quranic text intentionally, isn’t a Kaffir according to the shiites. So I’m hoping this would be weak since it has Tahreef (Hoping…)
Anyways Khuza’ee is unknown and so is his father.
Source: معجم الخوئي: (4/126).
As for ayyashi he narrates from very weak people and the Isnads in his Tafseer are all erased.
Ok from these samples and there are many others in their books we find that the Entire context and the entire Narration of Ghadeer is changed to some other fictional stories some of them very lengthy but they have one thing in common They are all extremely weak (Fabricated) and if you compare them to the proper Sahih authentic narrations in the books of the sunnah you’ll see a huge difference and plenty of additions.
As you’ve noticed in most of these they are linking the two Quranic Verses from the Chapter of the table spread (Al Mai’idah – Sura #5) and taking them out of context as they think that this will make matters official But Isnads are there for a reason so the Shiite scholars write entire Books about Ghadeer Khum without mention of the authenticity of anything as if it doesn’t matter and they tell you “Look this one is also found in the SUNNI books”… clearly they lack knowledge…But when a Hadith contradicts their belief they start looking for ways to make it weaker.
As for the two verses, one is the completion of religion [5;3] and the other is that of Tableegh [5;67] and They have nothing to do with ghadeer khum.
As for that of tableegh it is written in the Shiite books that this is when the companions of the prophet PBUh were Guarding him then allah revealed “O Messenger! make known that which has been revealed to you from your lord, for if you do it not, you will not have conveyed his message.” [5;67] Then He left his guards when Allah revealed “God will guard you from the people” [5;67].
In a Narration: He told some of his companions who were guarding him (from them is Sa’ed and huthayfa) go to your affairs for Allah will guard me from the people.
Source: Tafseer al furat (1/131), biharul anwar (16/257)(22/249).
Many more can be found with Sahih narrations from the books of ahlul sunnah…
Imam Razi mentions that various people have claimed that the verse was revealed on different occassions. He lists ten possibilities of when the verse could have been revealed. It is wellknown that the style of the scholars was to list the most important view first and the least important view last. It should interest the deceitful Shia to know that Imam Razi did mention Ghadir Khumm but as the absolute last one, meaning in his eyes it was the weakest possible view.
We will now provide the commentary of Imam Razi word for word:
Scholars of Tafseer have mentioned many causes of revelation:
(1) The first is that this verse was revealed in the instance of stoning and retaliation as was previously mentioned in the story of the Jews.
(2) The second cause is that it has been revealed because of the Jews’ criticism and making fun of the religion, and the Prophet had remained silent about them, thus this verse was revealed.
(3) Third: When the verse of choice was revealed, which is “O Prophet! say to thy wives:” (i.e 33:28), the Prophet did not deliver this verse to them out of fear that they may choose this world, and thus it (i.e 5:67) was revealed.
(4) Fourth: It was revealed with regards to Zayd and Zaynab Bint Jahsh. Aisha said: Whoever claims that the Messenger of Allah concealed part of what was revealed to him, then he has committed a great lie against Allah, for Allah has said: “O Apostle (Muhammad)! Proclaim (the Message)” and was the Messenger of Allah to conceal part of what was revealed to him he would have concealed His saying: “And you hide in your mind that which Allah was to bring to light” [33:37]
(5) Fifth: It was revealed with regards to Jihad, for the hypocrites hated it, so he used to withhold from urging them for Jihad.
(6) Sixth: When the saying of Allah has been revealed: “Revile not ye those whom they call upon besides Allah, lest they out of spite revile Allah in their ignorance.” [6:108], the Messenger withheld from reviling their gods, so this verse was revealed, and He said: “Proclaim” i.e the faults/criticism about their gods and do not hide it, and Allah will protect you against them.
(7) Seventh: It was revealed with regards to the rights of Muslims, because in the Last Pilgrimage after he had declared the rulings and rituals of Hajj, he said: Have I not declared (it to you)? They said: Yes. He said: O Allah be my witness.
(8) Eighth: It has been narrated that he rested under a tree in one of his journeys and hung his sword on it, when a Bedouin came while he was sleeping and snatched the sword saying: “O Muhammad, who will protect you against me?” He said: “Allah”, so the hand of the Bedouin trembled, the sword fell from his hand, and he banged his head against the tree until his brains burst, so Allah revealed this verse and explained that He will protect him against people.
(9) Ninth: He used to fear Quraysh, the Jews and the Christians, so Allah removed this fear from his heart with this verse.
(10) Tenth: This verse has been revealed to stress Ali’s excellence, and when the verse was revealed, the Prophet caught hold of Ali’s hand and said: “One who has me as his mawla has Ali as his mawla. O Allah, Be his friend who befriends him, and be his enemy who is his enemy.” (Soon) after this, Umar met him (Ali) and said: “O Ibn Abi Talib! I congratulate you, now you are my mawla and the mawla of every male and female believer.” This is the saying narrated from Abdullah ibn Abbas, Baraa ibn Aazib and Muhammad bin Ali.
You should know that even with these narrations being numerous, it is more fit to explain the verse as Allah assuring him (the Prophet) of protection against the cunning schemes of the Jews and Christans and ordered him to announce the proclamation without having fear of them. This is because the context before this verse and after this verse is addressing the Jews and Christians; it would not be possible to throw a verse in the middle (of other verses) making it foreign to what is before it and after it.
(source: Tafseer al-Kabir, by Fakhr al-Razi, under the commentary of the verse 5:67, volume 12, pp.49-50)
Besides If this Verse was revealed in Ghadeer khum as the Ignorants claim Then Who was Allah going to guard The Prophet PBUH Against? Everyone there was Muslim and All of Them Followers and lovers of Sayyiduna Muhammad PBUH who did pilgrimage with him, why would he be afraid?
As for chapter 5 all of it was revealed in Madinah except for the verse of completion and this is found in the Tafseer books of the Shiites:
Jawame’e al Jami’I (1/355), mujamma’a al Bayan (3/231), Tafseer al Kashif (3/5), Tafseer al safi(2/5), Al burhan (1/340) Tafseer al Mizan (5/156).
جوامع الجامع: (1/355)، مجمع البيان: (3/231)، التفسير الكاشف: (3/5)، تفسير الصافي: (2/5)، البرهان: (1/340)، تفسير الميزان: (5/156).
As for the verse of completion it was revealed on the day of Arafat as all Muslims agree and the Shiite scholars agree in their books:
Al Kafi (1/199.290) Noor al Thakalayn(1/588,589,651) Al Bihar (7/236)(36/133)(37/138,173)(58/368) Furat (1/119,120) Al ayyashi (1/322) Al burhan(1/435= =444) Al Tafseer al Kashif (3/5,13), Al meezan (5/170,195,197) mujamma’a al Bayan (2/231).
الكافي: (1/199، 290)، نور الثقلين: (1/588، 589، 651)، البحار: (7/236)(36/133) (37/138، 173)(58/368)، فرات: (1/119، 120)، العياشي: (1/322)، البرهان(1/435 = = 444)، التفسير الكاشف: (3/5، 13)، الميزان: (5/170، 195، 197)، مجمع البيان: (2/231).
So it’s clear that no Quran was revealed on ghadeer on the 18th of thu al Hijjah. And we can clearly see that what was delivered on the Day of Arafat (9th of thu al hijjah) when the Verse of Completion was revealed was in reality the final Pillar of Islam and that is Pilgrimage or Hajj and Not Imamah of Ali and his 11 infallible children after him.
This is why the Shiite scholars were lost while trying to find excuses to justify this so take a look at what the author of Al Meezan (5/196) writes:
قول أحدهم: إنه من الجائز أن ينزل الله سبحانه معظم السورة وفيه قولـه: ((الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ)) [المائدة:3]، وينزل معه أمر الولاية كل ذلك يوم عرفة، فأخر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بيان الولاية إلى غدير خم، وقد كان تلا آيتها يوم عرفة
Translation: it is possible that allah revealed most of the Chapter and said “Today I have completed for you your religion” [5;3] and with this he reveals the Order of Imamah/Wilayah in one day(Arafat the 9th) But the Prophet PBUH had delayed The revelation until Ghadeer khum (the 18th) as he had recited its verse previously in arafah.
Nice try Twelver Shiite…
Al Baqir also says that this verse was revealed on a Friday in Arafat and the “wilayah” was also revealed:
Al Kafi(1/290) Noor al Thakalayn(1/588,651) Al bihar (58/368), Al burhan (1/488), Al safi (1/52), Ithbat al hudat (1/443).
الكافي: (1/290)، نور الثقلين: (1/588، 651)، البحار(58/368)، البرهان: (1/488)، الصافي: (1/52)، إثبات الهداة: (1/443).
Nice try Fabricator of Hadiths…
However some Shiite scholars use lamer excuses than others So we actually have some who claim that ‘Arafat’ is a Geographical location and there are thirteen locations called arafah other than the one we know so it could have been near Ghadeer Khum.
Source: Al bihar (58/371).
Another thing is The location and the timing,
You see I really don’t understand how the prophet PBUh could be standing in the day of Arafat in front of 90,000 and in another narration 114,000 and in another 120,000 and in another 124,000 people.
Source: Al Ghadeer (1/9), ithbat al Wasiyah (19), ithbat al hudat (2/139).
And After revealing The Final pillar which is pilgrimage and the general rulings of Islam in the Sermon of farewell and then he Tells the Masses: “Did I Make Tableegh? Did I Make Tableegh?” And the companions All told him “YES” Then He says “O Allah bare witness That I have Delivered the message” then he told the ones who are present to inform those who aren’t…Then a Shiite Scholar comes and says He delayed it until ghadeer khum!?..I never quite get that argument.
So Allah doesn’t mention Imamah and Imams in Quran and The prophet PBUh never mentions it here in front of the Muslims but the Shiites claim that Imamah is the most important of all Pillars.
But you know the Shiites They have a narration to contradict every Occasion:
صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إني رسول الله إليكم غير هائب لقومي ولا محاب لقرابتي، هذا جبرئيل يخبرني أن السعيد كل السعيد حق السعيد من أحب علياً في حياتي وبعد موتي
بشارة المصطفى: (182)، البحار: (39/152، 276، 284).
Translation: The Prophet PBUH was suddenly not afraid of anyone on the day of Arafat and he didn’t even wait for those verses which allah revealed nor could he wait for Ghadeer Khum so on The Day of Arafah the Shiites Narrate That He said PBUH: I’am the Messenger Of Allah to you And I fear you not and this is Gabriel next to me Telling me That He Who will Be Truly Happy is he who will Love Ali in my Life and after I Pass away.
Source: Bisharat al Mustafa(182), Bihar al anwar(39/152, 276, 284).
Ghadir Khumm is located between Mecca and Medinah, near the city of Al-Juhfah, as mentioned by the ************* website. It is a watering hole in the middle of the desert. The coup de grâce to the Shia argument is the fact that Ghadir Khumm is located approximately 250 km away from Mecca. This simple fact is enough to shatter the entire premise of Shi’ism.
The Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) and the Muslims completed their Hajj after which everyone went back to their respective home cities. The people of Medinah went back to Medinah, the people of Taif went back to Taif, the people of Yemen went back to Yemen, the people of Kufa went back to Kufa, the people of Syria went back to Syria, and the people of Mecca stayed put in Mecca and the Bedewins (Wandering arabs) went to their Homes.
According to the Shiite Narrations the number of people present there with the prophet PBUH was 12,000 in one narration and 10,000 in another and 1,300 in the Narration of Muhammad al baqir PBUH:
Source: Tafseer al ayyashi(1/358,361), Al bihar (37/139,140,158,165,193), Jame’e al akhbar (10), Al burhan (1/485,489), ithbat al hudat (2/139,170)(3/544), Tafseer al Furat (2/516) Al manaqib(3/26).
تفسير العياشي: (1/358، 361)، البحار: (37/139، 140، 158، 165، 193)، جامع الأخبار: (10)، البرهان: (1/485، 489)، إثبات الهداة: (2/139، 170)(3/544)، تفسير فرات: (2/516)، المناقب: (3/26).