This is the second part of the article.
Who are the companions?
They are those who gave their very lives for the sake of Allah. Yes, they gave up everything, to be alongside the one they loved so dearly in the paradises Allah created. And they by Allah made it to their goal. How can I illustrate the love someone whose heart beats for the sake of his Lord, has for these people that pleased their Lord so much?
To be honest, it does not require for me to compose poetry, or write a book, or volumes or for me show it with my limbs and tongue. For who better than the Lord of the heavens, the Lord of all that exists, the King of kings, the Eternal, the Ever-living, the Irresistible, can illustrate the status of these giants amongst men, formed and tutored and taught by the most beloved (saw), may my parents be sacrificed for them!
For indeed yes! He has spoken about them! Not once or twice, but many times! Who amongst man has this honour? Who amongst man has been forgiven eternally other than the Prophets? Subhanallah, I shiver as I think about it! Indeed wasn’t it Abu Bakr RA, who was mentioned from above the skies? And wasn’t he who asked the messenger (saw) ‘did He (tabarakahu wa ta’ala) mention me, Ya Rasul Allah?’ And when the response came in the affirmative, he burst into tears and could not be stopped or controlled. For he was a man with a soft heart, as his daughter As-siddiqah bint as-siddiq said. My heart yearns to see these people wallahi.
So now, let us see what Allah said about these people… and what their enemies said about them, and my answer.
“You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred. Those – He has decreed within their hearts faith and supported them with spirit from Him. And We will admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him – those are the party of Allah. Unquestionably, the party of Allah – they are the successful.”
This ayah seems familiar, those who fought their own brothers and fathers…
“In the company of the Prophet of Allah (PBUH) we used to fight our parents, sons, brothers and uncles, and this continued us in our faith, in submission, in our following the right path, in endurance over the pangs of pain and in our fight against the enemy.”
NAHJUL BALAGHA ( http://www.al-islam.org/nahjul/55.htm)
Ali RA was truly eloquent, his words were beautiful. Allahu Akbar!
Imam Ali, described to us who these people who were ‘supported with a spirit from Him(!)’ Allah decreed in their hearts faith! Ali told us who the party of Allah were. And he witnessed them and was alongside them! And they are successful… Indeed Allah speaks nothing but the truth, and the siddiqun are those who affirm what He and His messengers say. May Allah us amongst them.
“[Remember] when your Lord inspired to the angels, “I am with you, so strengthen those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieved, so strike [them] upon the necks and strike from them every fingertip.”’
Before I go into this verse, a shi’i maybe thinking, ‘Aha! Well this should prove the kufr of the companions as they fled the battlefield! So Allah stuck terror in their hearts!’ (Wal ‘iyaadu billah) But let us see when this verse was revealed.
Tabataba’i, one of the most famous and recent mufassirun for the shi’a said this verse was revealed regarding Badr!
تشير الآيات إلى قصة بدر، وهي أول غزوة في الإِسلام، وظاهر سياق الآيات أنها نزلت بعد انقضائها على ما سيتَّضح.
So who ran away at Badr? No-one! The companions were firm! So the companions are those who believed, the participants of Badr are declared believers by Allah!
So then the usual argument comes, they became hypocrites after! It was after the death of the Prophet (SAW) that the companions became munafiqun. So let us see how far this claim goes with the Qur’an. Thus far I have only been showing ayaat in which the companions are praised. Let us see the ayaat in which they are ‘condemned with’ and the claims against them.
So let’s start with the foundations of this claim (other than jahl).
‘When the hypocrites come to you, [O Muhammad], they say, “We testify that you are the Messenger of Allah.” And Allah knows that you are His Messenger, and Allah testifies that the hypocrites are liars.’
‘They have taken their oaths as a cover, so they averted [people] from the way of Allah. Indeed, it was evil that they were doing.’
‘That is because they believed, and then they disbelieved; so their hearts were sealed over, and they do not understand.’
‘And when you see them, their forms please you, and if they speak, you listen to their speech. [They are] as if they were pieces of wood propped up – they think that every shout is against them. They are the enemy, so beware of them. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded?’
It is usually these ayaat that are brought, to say ‘why couldn’t they be munafiqun? Is it really that impossible?’ Then whoever says this, should know, that after someone dies they cannot change to munafiq or mushrik. It is only within their lives. So first I say study the lives of the ones you claim things in a way that shows your humility in front of the Eyes of Allah (SWT). Because be warned! You claim things which go against Allah’s word! So be warned Ya akhi!
The reason why the that runs amongst the people regarding these ayaat being ‘proof’ that the companions were munafiqun is such. Allah Glory be to Him, and we only Praise Him refutes this always. Throughout the Qur’an. And surprisingly next ayah reads this:
‘It is all the same for them whether you ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them; never will Allah forgive them. Indeed, Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.’
Fit this characteristic of arrogance to any of the companions. See how far you go. How many times have we read the companions used to seek Allah’s pleasure by the du’aa of His messenger? Everytime Allah’s messenger (SAW) mentioned something to do with akhirah, regarding jannah or jahannam, or even judgment, the companions were seen racing to the forgiveness of their Lord. The best and relatively well-known narrations/incidents is the incident of Ukasha bin Mihsin (RA), after the Prophet SAW mentioned seeing his nation on the plains on the day of judgment, (may Allah save us from His ghadab on that day… Glory be to You, Ya Rahman!) One of the companions RA asked the Prophet ‘am I among them?’ The Prophet affirmed it, then another companion asked the same as Ukasha(!) Doesn’t this show eagerness? And wouldn’t any wise person do the same? This is narrated in Bukhari, Muslim and many others with sahih isnaad obviously.
Another incident which really deserves to be mentioned and highlights the fear the companions had of paths that lead to hellfire. The famous hadith which is almost always deformed by everyone else except those that love and follow the companions, the hadith is the famous hadith when the Prophet SAW mentioned to us about the 73 sects in Islam, I skipped most of the narration for I only wanted to point out a benefit. In this hadith the Prophet SAW mentions that there will be 73 sects in Islam, and that only one of them will be in jannah, the rest will be destroyed. Now logically, what would you ask the person who says this knowing his trustworthiness? You would ask what group is that and seek to be amongst them! Did the companions do any different? No! They asked ‘what group is that?’ What did the Prophet SAW reply with? ‘The one I am upon and YOU ARE UPON!’
Anyone who claims that the companions didn’t ask what group, is mad. The one who thinks the companions are misguided is equally or even madder as this in some way is a great blaspheme against the messenger that was sent to us. Why? Because this is effectively saying that the Prophet SAW did not even convey his message and did not teach those who were with him, or didn’t teach them well. It effectively destroys or goes against the honour of the messenger, his friends and family, and the Ummah at large, for it is saying he trusted the wrong people, and did not convey the message.
Anyways, there are many other narrations which show their fear of misguidance.
To further the point of refuting this disgusting claim, and to put it where it belongs, I will further use ayaat where Allah describes the munafiqun. I dare anyone to show an incident where they showed hypocrisy!
‘And when they meet those who believe, they say, “We believe”; but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say, “Indeed, we are with you; we were only mockers.”’
‘Those who wait [and watch] you. Then if you gain a victory from Allah , they say, “Were we not with you?” But if the disbelievers have a success, they say [to them], “Did we not gain the advantage over you, but we protected you from the believers?” Allah will judge between [all of] you on the Day of Resurrection, and never will Allah give the disbelievers over the believers a way [to overcome them].’
‘So you see those in whose hearts is disease hastening into [association with] them, saying, “We are afraid a misfortune may strike us.” But perhaps Allah will bring conquest or a decision from Him, and they will become, over what they have been concealing within themselves, regretful.’
‘And those who believe will say, “Are these the ones who swore by Allah their strongest oaths that indeed they were with you?” Their deeds have become worthless, and they have become losers.’
‘Had it been an easy gain and a moderate trip, the hypocrites would have followed you, but distant to them was the journey. And they will swear by Allah, “If we were able, we would have gone forth with you,” destroying themselves [through false oaths], and Allah knows that indeed they are liars.’
‘May Allah pardon you, [O Muhammad]; why did you give them permission [to remain behind]? [You should not have] until it was evident to you who were truthful and you knew [who were] the liars.’
‘Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day would not ask permission of you to be excused from striving with their wealth and their lives. And Allah is Knowing of those who fear Him.’
And many more which show the qualities of hypocrites, I challenge anyone to show me any ayah like these which fit for the companions? The only one I can think of is the ayah about Hunain when some companions fled, but Allah said He forgave them. So is there any more?
I wish to continue in the next part, and go through the major ayaat and what people say regarding them. And who can argue with the words of Allah the Sublime?
May Allah forgive me for any evil I have done and reward me for any good I have done.
Wa salaamun alaykum wa rahma